WHAT IS THE RISK OF COLON AND RECTAL CANCER?
Colon and rectal cancer is the second most common cause of cancer in America. 1 out o20 people will develop colon and rectal cancer. The risk increases if there is a family history of polyps or cancer. It is still higher for those with a personal history of: polyps, colon and rectal cancer, prostate cancer, breast cancer, uterine cancer, or ovarian cancer.
WHAT IS SCREENING AND SURVEILLANCE?
Screening identifies people who have no symptoms associated with colon and rectal cancer.
Surveillance is for people who have had polyps or cancer, because their risks are higher.
WHY SHOULD PEOPLE BE TESTED?
Colon and rectal cancer is known as the ‘silent’ cancer. Symptoms are often seen too late.
Cure for pre-cancerous polyps is about 100%.
Cure for early cancer (before symptoms) is about 90%.
Cure for late staged cancer (after symptoms) is only about 50%.